Indian Standards Institution (ISI) was established on 6 January 1947 as a Registered Society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. Being the National Standards Body of India, the organization had a clear mandate of preparing and promoting Standards for adoption by Indian Industry.
BIS certification scheme is basically voluntary in nature. However, for a number of products compliance to Indian Standards is made compulsory by the Central Government under various considerations viz. public interest, protection of human, animal or plant health, safety of environment, prevention of unfair trade practices and national security. For such products, the Central Government directs mandatory use of Standard Mark under a Licence or Certificate of Conformity (CoC) from BIS through issuance of QCOs.
ECO Mark Scheme was instituted by the Government of India for labeling of environment friendly products. The Scheme is being administered by the Bureau of Indian Standards.